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Noise-canceling headphones

2021-03-03 22
Noise-canceling headphones refer to a kind of headphones that use a certain method to reduce noise. At present, there are two types of noise reduction headphones: active noise reduction headphones and passive noise reduction headphones.
The active noise reduction function is to generate a reverse sound wave equal to the external noise through the noise reduction system to neutralize the noise, thereby achieving the effect of noise reduction. Passive noise-cancelling headphones mainly form a closed space by surrounding the ears, or use sound-insulating materials such as silicone earplugs to block external noise.

Classification introduction
There are two ways to reduce noise in headphones, active noise reduction and passive noise reduction.
The active noise reduction function is to generate a reverse sound wave equal to the external noise through the noise reduction system to neutralize the noise, thereby achieving the effect of noise reduction. Active noise-canceling headphones have a noise-canceling circuit that counteracts external noise. Most of them use a larger head-mounted design. They can use earplug cotton and earphone shells to block external noise, and perform the first round of sound insulation. There is ample space to install active noise reduction circuits and power supplies.
Passive noise-cancelling headphones mainly form a closed space by surrounding the ears, or use sound-insulating materials such as silicone earplugs to block external noise. Since the noise has not been processed by the noise reduction circuit chip, it can generally only block high frequency noise, and the noise reduction effect on low frequency noise is not obvious.
The three noise reduction measures usually used to reduce noise, namely noise reduction at the sound source, noise reduction during propagation, and noise reduction at the human ear, are all passive. In order to actively eliminate noise, people invented the "active noise reduction" technology. Its principle is: all sounds heard are sound waves and have a certain spectrum composition. If you can find a sound wave whose frequency spectrum is equal to the amplitude of the noise to be eliminated, and the phase is exactly opposite (a difference of 180°), the superposition of the two can completely cancel the noise. The key is how to get the sound that cancels the noise. The actual method used is to start with the noise itself, use a microphone to monitor the noise, and then try to generate a reverse sound wave through the electronic circuit and broadcast it through the speaker. From this point of view, the technology of active noise reduction is actually "fighting poison with poison."
When dealing with complex noise environments, the two "active noise reduction" MEMS microphones will pick up the noise in the ear and various external environmental noises respectively, and are equipped with an independent intelligent high-definition noise reduction processor to perform high-speed calculations on the different noises picked up. Precise noise reduction. And in response to the noise reduction requirements of different scenarios, the headset provides a variety of listening modes: two active noise reduction modes, strong and weak, and an ambient sound mode. Isolate external noise to varying degrees, eliminating the "black hole" of common noise-reducing headphones when listening.

Application principle
Noise-canceling headphones use active noise control, which is different from the passive sound insulation of general headphones. The principle is:
1. First detect the low-frequency noise (100 ~ 1000Hz) in the environment that the ear can hear by the signal microphone installed in the earphone
2. Then the noise signal is transmitted to the control circuit, and the control circuit performs real-time calculations
3. Use the Hi-Fi speaker to play sound waves with the opposite phase and the same amplitude as the noise to cancel the noise

4. After superposition, the noise disappears and is inaudible


Noise-canceling headphones


For people
The first is business people. Due to frequent business trips, especially business people who travel between different cities every day, they must hate the noise in the cabin the most. If you have a noise reduction headset, you will be able to stay away from these noises, and at the same time, you can relax by listening to music.
Of course there are also subway people. Office workers who crowd the subway every day are accustomed to the noise in the subway, but at this time, if you can have a pair of noise reduction headphones, not only can you stay away from the noise, but you can also adjust your mood through headphones and enjoy this happily. process.
Office people also need a pair of noise-canceling headphones. Sometimes when thinking about the planning plan, listening to the sound of the central air-conditioning operation is particularly annoying, and it is even more annoying if there are colleagues around you who are constantly whispering to each other. At this time, you might as well put on a pair of noise-canceling headphones and expand your mind in beautiful music.
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